The Crucible Summary Notes. Federick/ Wysocki. TERMS TO KNOW: Communism- a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property. The Crucible young adults, and until this strange crisis he, like the rest of Salem, never conceived that the children were anything but thankful for being permitted. The norinkgibipen.gq Under threat of punishment if she refuses to confess, Tituba breaks down and admits she communed with the devil. She begins to.
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Complete summary of Arthur Miller's The Crucible. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of The Crucible. Summary. print Print; document PDF. Crucible most resembles Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet. Letter. Both works show Brief Life Story: Arthur Miller was born to middle-class parents in in . A Teacher's Guide to The Crucible by Arthur Miller. 2 . jotting summary notes of what they learned from the resources at the particular norinkgibipen.gq (p.
Betty wakes and joins in. Eight days later, Proctor and his wife Elizabeth discuss the many people who have been charged with witchcraft by a court presided over by the deputy governor of the province. They learn from their servant Mary Warren, one of the girls accusing people in the town of witchcraft, that Elizabeth is herself accused. Elizabeth wants Proctor to expose Abigail as a fraud, but she suspects Proctor may still have feelings for the girl. As Proctor angrily denies it, Hale arrives to investigate the Proctors.
He's soon followed by Giles Corey and Francis Nurse, whose wives have been accused of witchcraft and imprisoned. Moments later the authorities come and take away Elizabeth. Once they're alone, Proctor demands that Mary expose the other girls as frauds and promises to confront Abigail if he must. Proctor brings Mary to court to expose the accusations as lies. The girls, led by Abigail, deny the charge.
Proctor reveals his affair with Abigail to show that she's dishonest. But when asked if Proctor had an affair with Abigail, Elizabeth denies it to protect her husband's honor. Abigail and the other girls seize the moment to pretend Mary is attacking them with her spirit. Mary breaks under the strain and joins them, denouncing Proctor as an ally of the devil. Danforth orders Proctor's arrest.
Hale, who now believes Proctor, denounces the actions of the court. The witch trials cause anger and riots in nearby towns.
The Crucible Summary | GradeSaver.pdf - The Crucible...
A few days before Proctor and many others are scheduled to hang, Abigail steals money from Parris and vanishes. Parris and Hale try to get the people convicted of witchcraft to confess in order to save their lives, because Danforth refuses to stop or postpone the executions, saying it would not be fair to those already hanged.
But Danforth does allow Elizabeth, who's pregnant and therefore safe from hanging, to talk to Proctor. She is a black female slave, an individual without any power. In order to preserve her own life, Tituba takes cues from her interrogators and tells them what they want to hear. Declaring witchcraft becomes the popular thing to do. It grants an individual instant status and recognition within Salem, which translates into power. Abigail realizes that she can achieve immediate respect and authority by declaring that she has consorted with the Devil but now seeks redemption.
Abigail knows that the townspeople will view her as an expert witness. The fact that Hale believes her sets her far apart from the other people in Salem. This calculated move finally puts her in a position to get rid of Elizabeth Proctor. Glossary diabolism dealings with the Devil or devils, as by sorcery or witchcraft.
Here, also a verb, meaning to be in league with someone. For example Tituba denies trucking, or being in league with, the Devil. Proctor returns late after working in the fields and eats dinner with his wife Elizabeth.
The Crucible Summary & Study Guide Description
Proctor tells Elizabeth that he is striving to make her happy. Elizabeth questions Proctor to find out if he was late for dinner because he had gone to Salem. She tells Proctor that their servant, Mary Warren, has been in Salem all day. Proctor becomes angry because he told Mary Warren not to go to Salem. Elizabeth tells Proctor that Mary Warren has been named an official of the court. Proctor learns that four magistrates have been named to the General Court and the Deputy Governor of the Province is serving as the judge.
The court has jailed fourteen people for witchcraft. Elizabeth tells Proctor that he must go to Salem and reveal that Abigail is a fake. Proctor hesitates and then reveals that he cannot prove what Abigail said because they were alone when they talked. Elizabeth becomes upset with Proctor because he did not tell her he spent time alone with Abigail.
Proctor and Elizabeth argue. Proctor is angry because he believes Elizabeth is accusing him of dishonesty and is suspicious that he has resumed his affair with Abigail. Elizabeth is angry because she does not believe Proctor is completely honest with her. Up until this point, the audience has only heard about Elizabeth through Abigail and Proctor.
Proctor has vehemently defended Elizabeth. From outward appearances, the Proctor household seems to be the typical Puritan home. She tells Proctor that she forgives him, but a lingering distrust plagues her. Even though Proctor has remained faithful for the past seven months and is truly sorry for his affair, Elizabeth faces difficulty moving beyond the past.
As a result, Proctor feels that Elizabeth continually scrutinizes his actions, which frustrates and angers him. Tension and mutual frustration define their relationship. Elizabeth is frustrated with Proctor because of his initial infidelity and because she believes he still has feelings for Abigail. She is also frustrated with herself. She wants to forgive Proctor and begin reestablishing their relationship, but she cannot forget what he has done.
Elizabeth tries to demonstrate her faith in Proctor when she asks him to go to Salem even though she does not want him anywhere near Abigail. Elizabeth automatically suspects Proctor of wrongdoing.
Proctor, however, regrets his affair with Abigail. During the past seven months, Proctor has tried to please Elizabeth to gain her forgiveness and affection, but nothing seems to work. The current argument over Abigail is yet another example of their strained relationship. He is irritated with himself because he did not tell Elizabeth he was alone with Abigail in the first place. Now, Elizabeth is angry, not just because he was alone with Abigail, but because he did not tell her from the beginning.
Glossary clapped put, moved, set swiftly clapped into jail. Proctor is furious that she has been in Salem all day, but Mary Warren tells him she will be gone every day because she is an official of the court.
Mary Warren gives Elizabeth a poppet that she made while in court. Mary Warren tells Elizabeth and Proctor that thirty-nine people are in jail, and Goody Osburn will hang because she did not confess to witchcraft. Proctor becomes angry because he believes the court is condemning people without solid evidence.
Mary Warren states that Elizabeth was accused, but she defended Elizabeth and the court dismissed the accusation. Elizabeth tells Proctor that Abigail wants to get rid of her.
Elizabeth believes that Abigail will accuse her of witchcraft and then have her executed. Elizabeth asks Proctor to speak to Abigail and tell her that no chance exists of Proctor marrying her if something happened to Elizabeth. Elizabeth and Proctor argue again.
Commentary Scene 2 reveals the impact of the witch trials and the frenzy they have created in Salem, reinforcing the theme of how easily a mob can be influenced. Suddenly the townspeople revere the youth of the town, namely Abigail and the other girls, as instruments of God.
Anyone who has crossed the girls lives in fear of being accused of witchcraft. As the leader of the group, Abigail has finally achieved the power she desires, and now she can use it to obtain Proctor. The other girls have achieved new status as well. Prior to the witch trials, Mary Warren lived as a servant in the Proctor home.
She was paid for her services, but she was also under the authority of Proctor and was required to follow the rules of the house. If Mary Warren did not fulfill her work obligations, Proctor could discipline her just like one of the Proctor children. This type of arrangement was acceptable and normal within Puritan society. Individuals who previously did not have power obtain it and refuse to submit to others who traditionally have authority over them.
Mary Warren provides a clear demonstration of this when she refuses to take orders from Elizabeth and stands up to Proctor when he threatens to whip her for insubordination. In Scene 2 Mary Warren begins to cry. Serving on the court all day has exhausted and upset her. At this point, Mary Warren attempts to convince herself and the Proctors that solid evidence exists against all of the accused.
She secretly questions this, but feels she can only go along with Abigail and the others. She now belongs to a group, and does not want to be an outcast. This is central to the play because, up until this point, only the audience knows what is really happening.
Before Scene 2, Proctor and Elizabeth knew that Abigail had lied about the witchcraft incident, and both suspected that Abigail wanted to get rid of Elizabeth. Scene 2 confirms their fears. Time is now the most important element in the play. With each arrest for witchcraft, Abigail gains credibility. She is quickly becoming irrefutable in the eyes of the court.
Proctor only has two chances to save Elizabeth. Either he must speak to Abigail and convince her that her plan will not work, or he must speak to Hale before Abigail accuses Elizabeth. Proctor must act as quickly as possible because both Proctor and Elizabeth know that Abigail will continue to accuse Elizabeth until the court arrests her.
Glossary poppet [Obsolete] a doll. Hale tells Elizabeth and Proctor that Elizabeth was named in court. Hale questions Proctor about his poor attendance in church. Hale asks Proctor to recite the Ten Commandments. Proctor can only recall nine and Elizabeth reminds him of the one he forgot—the commandment forbidding adultery. The fact that Proctor forgets this particular commandment is not unintentional.
Proctor has not incorporated this commandment into his life, so it fails to remain in his memory.
Hale asks Proctor to testify in court that Abigail is a fraud. Hale then questions Elizabeth to find out if she believes in witches. Commentary Hale is a fair individual who honestly attempts to administer justice.
He remains uninvolved in the petty rivalries and power plays of the inhabitants of Salem. Several issues disturb Hale and make him suspicious of the Proctors.
In Act I, Scene 5, the inhabitants of Salem provide a list of evidence that Hale takes at face value and fails to analyze individually. As a result, Hale declares witchcraft without attempting to examine any of the evidence. Tension also arises in Scene 3 between the Proctors and Hale over issues of faith. Both Elizabeth and Proctor refuse to believe that Rebecca could be involved with witchcraft, and the accusation horrifies them both.
Although Hale is hesitant to believe that Rebecca could be guilty, he will not dismiss the possibility. The Puritans looked to the Scriptures as a guide for daily life. They did not believe that faith was a sufficient indication of religious dedication, unless a person demonstrated that faith through good deeds.
Not surprisingly, the Proctors argue with Hale over Rebecca, considering her history of good works. Hale extends this argument when he questions Elizabeth regarding whether or not she believes in witches.
Elizabeth does not believe that Rebecca can possibly be a witch because the idea contradicts the morality of the Scriptures. Elizabeth knows that suspicion hangs over her also.
Elizabeth has devoted her life to moral goodness and charity; therefore, she refuses to acknowledge the existence of witches when the court could label her as one. Hale realizes that good intentions and a firm commitment to God governed his own actions. However, he also realizes that he may have imprisoned innocent people and condemned to death those individuals who refused to confess to something they did not do.
Glossary trafficked had traffic, trade, or dealings with. Cheever discovers the poppet that Mary Warren made for Elizabeth, and he finds a needle inside the doll. Cheever tells Proctor and Hale that Abigail has charged Elizabeth with attempted murder. Mary Warren tells Hale that she made the doll in court that day and stored the needle inside the doll. Mary Warren also states that Abigail saw her sewing because she sat next to Mary Warren.
The men still take Elizabeth into custody, and Hale, Corey, and Nurse leave. Proctor tells Mary Warren that she must testify in court against Abigail. Mary Warren tells Proctor that she fears testifying against Abigail because Abigail and the others will turn against her.
Proctor discovers that Mary Warren knows about his affair. Commentary Abigail begins to execute her plan against Elizabeth in Scene 4. At this point Abigail exercises all of the power she has gained from the beginning of the play.
Abigail realizes that in order to have Elizabeth arrested, she will have to create tangible evidence for the court, because it dismissed her verbal accusation. She is prepared to do anything to charge Elizabeth with witchcraft.
Abigail realizes that she can use Mary Warren as a tool to incriminate Elizabeth, and so she constructs a plot based upon deception and manipulation of Mary Warren. Abigail has seen Mary Warren sewing the poppet in court and she knows that Mary Warren will give the doll to Elizabeth later. The fact that Abigail willingly inflicts a stabbing wound upon herself demonstrates how far she will go to destroy Elizabeth and possess Proctor. The problem is whether or not Mary Warren will testify against Abigail in open court.
She admits that the poppet is her own and that Abigail saw her sewing it, and had even seen her store the needle inside. In addition, Mary Warren warns Proctor that Abigail will accuse him of adultery.
This foreshadows the end of the play when Proctor reveals the affair in court. Glossary tonnage weight in tons. The court questions and accuses Martha Corey of witchcraft.
Corey says that he owns six hundred acres of land, and a large quantity of timber. Corey also states that the court is holding his wife Martha by mistake.
Corey tells Danforth that he had asked Hale why Martha read books, but he never accused her of witchcraft. Corey and Francis Nurse state that they both have evidence for the court. They have been waiting for three days to present the evidence, but to no avail.
Arthur Miller's The Crucible (Bloom's Guides)
Danforth responds that they must file the appropriate paperwork for the court to hear them. Nurse tells Danforth the girls are pretending.
The fascination with witchcraft that appeared in Act I, Scene 5 has quickly changed to mass paranoia. The townspeople now regard anyone who does not conform exactly to the laws of Salem society as a potential witch. Fear and automatic suspicion replace reason.
As the power of the court grows, the people of Salem live in fear. Old grudges, dislikes, and minor misdeeds can result in arrest and death—especially if the person offended is one of the children in the town, or someone who seeks more land.Elizabeth and Proctor argue again.
Fear and automatic suspicion replace reason. And it is my face, and yours, Danforth! She is in agony, since Danforth will not drop the questioning and finally holds her face so she must look only at him. At the Putnams' urging, Parris reluctantly reveals that he has invited Reverend John Hale , an expert in witchcraft and demonology, to investigate and leaves to address the crowd. Just as Scene 3 results in a new reason for Abigail to accuse others of witchcraft, so Scene 4 provides the Putnams with a lucrative motivation to accuse their neighbors of witchcraft.
She is prepared to do anything to charge Elizabeth with witchcraft. Now he is in agony over the decision, but she tells him that whatever choice he makes she knows that he is a good man.
In Act I, Scene 5, the inhabitants of Salem provide a list of evidence that Hale takes at face value and fails to analyze individually.
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