norinkgibipen.gq – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE. Tense. Signal words. Use. Form. Examples affirmative. Examples negative. Examples interrogative. Simple. What you can find on this page: exercises with answers on English tenses; grammar rules with examples; printable PDF worksheets; PDF grammar rules to. TENSES. EXPLANATIONS norinkgibipen.gq May be freely 2 : Similarly, we need to use this tense for a situation that we think is more or less.
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ENGLISH GRAMMAR, TENSES. Page 1 of Tenses. The English Tense System. The links below Speak naturally! PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version norinkgibipen.gq Look at these examples with the main verb like: subject. 12 verb tenses in English grammar with examples PDF. The 13 Tense Structures. Present. Simple. Present simple form. I go to the cinema every week. Past. Past simple form. I went to the cinema last week. Future .
Learning English tenses can seem difficult at first, but all you need to do is remember a few sentence structures , and learn a few simple rules. Start by breaking the information down into easier-to-understand chunks. There are only three basic tenses in the English language: the past, the present, and the future.
The past tense is used for anything that happened before this moment in time. The present tense is used for anything that happens right now or for general statements. The future tense is used for anything that will happen at some point later than right now. There is also a perfect tense, but this article will stick to the three basic tenses described above. These tenses have a few variations that make them more specific.
These variations talk about the exact time during which actions happen. The continuous tenses are used for actions that happen repeatedly over a period of time. The simple tenses are used for…everything else! The future tense will be discussed later in this article. Actually, that last sentence used the future tense! Did you notice? Here is a basic guide that will help you begin to understand when to use which tense.
Simple Present The simple present tense is mostly used for three things: 1. To describe things that are permanent or unchanging. Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for situations that are not general.
We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb "to be" in the simple present tense—some of them are general, some of them are now: Am I right? Tara is not at home. You are happy. Why are you so beautiful?
Ram is tall. This page shows the use of the simple present tense to talk about general events. But note that there are some other uses for the simple present tense, for example in conditional or if sentences, or to talk about the future. You will learn about those later. It is very different from the simple present tense, both in structure and in use. So the present progressive tense is the same as the present continuous tense.
How do we make the Present Continuous Tense? Is he watching TV? Are they waiting for John? Look at these examples. Right now you are looking at this screen and at the same time John is going out with Mary. We must add or understand from the context a future word. We only use the present continuous tense to talk about the future when we have planned to do something before we speak. We have already made a decision and a plan before speaking.
Complete English Grammar Tenses PDF Chart Download
I am taking my exam next month. A firm plan or programme exists The action is in the future. We've already booked the table.. They're not working.
In these examples, we have a firm plan or programme before speaking. The decision and plan were made before speaking.
How do we spell the Present Continuous Tense? We make the present continuous tense by adding -ing to the base verb. Normally it's simple—we just add -ing.
But sometimes we have to change the word a little. Perhaps we double the last letter, or we drop a letter. Here are the rules to help you know how to spell the present continuous tense. That is because it uses concepts or ideas that do not exist in those languages.
In fact, the structure of the present perfect tense is very simple. The problems come with the use of the tense. In addition, there are some differences in usage between British and American English. What's the difference? Try not to translate the present perfect tense into your language. Just try to accept the concepts of this tense and learn to "think" present perfect! You will soon learn to like the present perfect tense!
How do we make the Present Perfect Tense? Have you finished? Have they done it? Contractions with the present perfect tense When we use the present perfect tense in speaking, we usually contract the subject and auxiliary verb. We also sometimes do this when we write. I have I've He's or he's??? Be careful! The 's You have You've contraction is used for the auxiliary verbs have and be.
How do we use the Present Perfect Tense? This tense is called the present perfect tense.
There is always a connection with the past and with the present. There are basically three uses for the present perfect tense: 1. Present perfect tense for experience We often use the present perfect tense to talk about experience from the past. We are not interested in when you did something. We only want to know if you did it: I have seen ET. Have you been there? We have never eaten caviar.
The action or state was in the In my head, I have a memory past.
Connection with past: the event was in the past. Connection with present: in my head, now, I have a memory of the event; I know something about the event; I have experience of it.
Present perfect tense for change We also use the present perfect tense to talk about a change or new information: I have bought a car. Now I have a car. John has broken his leg. Now he has a bad leg.
Has the price gone up? Now he is in prison. Connection with past: the past is the opposite of the present. Connection with present: the present is the opposite of the past. Americans do not use the present perfect tense so much as British speakers. Americans often use the past tense instead. An American might say "Did you have lunch? Present perfect tense for continuing situation We often use the present perfect tense to talk about a continuing situation. This is a state that started in the past and continues in the present and will probably continue into the future.
This is a state not an action. We usually use for or since with this structure. I have worked here since June. He has been ill for 2 days. How long have you known Tara? It continues up to now. Connection with past: the situation started in the past. Connection with present: the situation continues in the present.
For can be used with all tenses. Since is usually used with perfect tenses only. Have you been seeing her? Have they been doing their homework? Contractions When we use the present perfect continuous tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and the first auxiliary. We also sometimes do this in informal writing. How do we use the Present Perfect Continuous Tense?
This tense is called the present perfect continuous tense. Example: She went to school. In this sentence, went shows that it is a past tense. Future tense : things that will be true after the words are spoken or written. Example: She will go to school. In this sentence, will shows that it is a future tense. Tense can be shown by changing the spelling of a verb.
For example, be can become am, is, and are in present tense, and was and were in past tense. In English, future tense is shown by adding will before the verb.Why are you so beautiful?
Where had she gone? To make a question, we exchange the subject and verb. Future tense : things that will be true after the words are spoken or written. Connection with present: the situation continues in the present.